Glucose or sugar processed from carbohydrates serves as fuel to be used by the body. The main benefit of carbohydrates is as a source of energy for the body in performing various functions, as well as to perform various activities every day.
Carbohydrates can be divided into two types, namely simple and complex. These two types of carbohydrates have differences in their chemical structure.
In general, simple carbohydrates contain only basic sugars that are easily digested and absorbed by the body. Meanwhile, complex carbohydrates have a longer chain of sugars, so it takes a long time to digest and absorb these types of carbohydrates. Sources of natural carbohydrates that are easy to find, in the form of grains, grains, nuts, fruits, vegetables, and milk.
Types of Carbohydrates
There are three macronutrients, namely nutrients that are equally present in some of the foods we consume. One of the three macronutrients is carbohydrates. The other two macronutrients are fat and protein.
Carbohydrates themselves are of three types, namely:
Starch is a carbohydrate found in foods derived from plants. For example, grains, vegetables, and nuts. Floury foods, such as pasta and bread, also include starch.
Fiber is also found in foods derived from plants. Wheat bread, nuts, and some vegetables eaten with the skin are good sources of fiber.
Not all carbohydrates are sugar, but all sugars are carbohydrates. Sugar can be obtained naturally from a variety of foods. The sugar found in fruit is called fructose, the sugar in milk is called lactose, and granulated sugar is called sucrose. In the process of making cakes, chocolate, and candy, sucrose is usually added as a sweetener.
Carbohydrate Benefits for the Body
Carbohydrates are a source of energy for the body. When you consume carbohydrates, your body converts them into glucose, which is the body’s main fuel. The body needs carbohydrates because these substances have some of the most important benefits, including:
- Energy source
When you breathe, move, walk, think, or do other activities such as exercising, the body needs energy. This energy is obtained from carbohydrates that are digested and processed into glucose through the process of glycolysis. After that, insulin will help glucose be absorbed by the body’s cells. From here the body obtains energy.
- Meet healthy calorie needs
In meeting the calorie needs, you should pay attention to serving meals so as not to overeat to make the body excess calories. Calories derived from a certain amount of carbohydrates are less than fat with the same amount of weight. Your body’s calorie consumption will improve if the carbohydrate source you choose has high levels of fiber, such as brown rice, whole wheat bread, and nuts. 45-65 percent of body calories are recommended to come from carbohydrates.
- Reduce the risk of disease
The benefits of consuming carbohydrates sourced from nuts and vegetables, can reduce the risk of disease. The fiber in these carbohydrates can reduce the risk of constipation. Intestinal health can also be improved thanks to the benefits of carbohydrates.
In fact, research has shown that some types of fiber can reduce cholesterol levels in the blood. In addition, although not fully proven, some studies show a reduced risk of obesity and diabetes by consuming grains and high-fiber carbohydrates.
20th November 2020 20:35
This article brought to you by Legacy Times 传城时代