Every woman will experience menstruation, which is when the compilation of the menstrual cycle ends naturally, in the 40s to 50s. The signs of menopause in every woman are different and can sometimes resemble certain health problems. To avoid confusion, recognize any signs of menopause in women.
Women who experience menopause during the period of no longer menstruating for 12 consecutive months, even though their previous menstruation was normal and regular.
Menopause occurs when the ovaries or ovaries in a woman’s body no longer release egg cells, so that her body stops menstruating. In other words, after entering menopause, a woman can no longer conceive naturally.
Some women do not experience any symptoms before menopause. However, not a few also experience some symptoms or signs of menopause by the end of the menstrual period.
Some Signs of Menopause
Signs of menopause have actually begun to appear since the time of perimenopause, which is a transition period that occurs several years before menopause. At this time, the production of the hormone estrogen by the ovaries has gradually begun to decrease.
Generally, perimenopause lasts for 4 years, but can also be longer or shorter. Here are some signs of menopause that may appear before menopause:
- Irregular menstruation
As menopause approaches, women may experience menstrual cycle changes marked by irregular or variable menstruation.
Menstruation that was previously smooth and regular can come faster or longer and the duration is shorter. The amount of blood that comes out during menstruation may also be more, less, or it may just be a blood stain or a spot.
- Problems with the urinary tract
Women who have entered menopause will usually experience urinary incontinence or difficulty urinating, urinating more often, to the point of pain or nausea during urination.
These complaints occur due to the thin tissue in the vagina and urinary tract and loss of elasticity.
Meanwhile, decreased estrogen levels in the body that occur before menopause can make women more susceptible to infections, including urinary tract infections (ISK).
- Hot flashes
The feeling of heat that spreads from the face and neck to the body is the most common sign of menopause. In some women, this complaint may appear earlier while the menstrual cycle is in progress.
The appearance of this feeling of heat usually occurs suddenly and it is not known what the trigger is. In addition to the feeling of heat, other symptoms felt were sweating, redness, and palpitations.
- Difficulty sleeping or insomnia
Towards menopause, women may find it more difficult to sleep or experience insomnia. This is due to the declining levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body.
Women who experience this complaint will find it easier to wake up at night and find it difficult to go back to sleep. When menopause occurs, the quality of sleep can also be reduced, so that the body still feels tired and less energetic after waking up.
- Dry vagina
This sign of menopause occurs due to a decrease in the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the female body during menopause. This can cause the production of the natural lubricating fluid of the vagina to decrease, thus causing the vagina to become dry.
Dry vagina is usually described as discomfort, itching, or soreness around the vagina. Women who have a dry vagina will also feel pain during intercourse.
- Sexual desire decreases
The decrease in the hormone estrogen that occurs during menopause can make the clitoris less sensitive to sexual arousal, and the vagina become dry and less elastic. This one sign of menopause can cause sexual arousal to decrease and women to have difficulty orgasm.