Some people may not be aware of the function and dangers of chlorine. This chemical is often used to disinfect and as a water purifier in swimming pools. But, chlorine can be dangerous if used improperly.
Chlorine is a chemical that is often used as a disinfectant. Chlorine is available in solid, liquid, and gaseous forms.
This chemical is commonly used in the industrial sector and as an ingredient in household cleaners. In addition to its many benefits, chlorine can be harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or exposed to the skin directly, especially in large quantities.
Various functions of chlorine and its utilization
The main function of chlorine is to inhibit the growth and eradication of bacteria and various microbes. Because of this benefit, chlorine is often used as a purifier for drinking water and swimming pools.
Not only that, chlorine is also used as an active ingredient in household cleaning products or bandaging products. Here are some of the other functions of chlorine in daily life and industry:
- Production materials for paper, plastics, textile dyes, fabrics, and paints
- Active ingredients in whitening products
- A mixture of drugs and antiseptic fluids
- Pesticide mixture
- Industrial waste sanitation
- The Dangers of Chlorine for Health
Chlorine is very easy to find in everyday life. Although it has important benefits, chlorine exposure can cause some health problems.
There are several risks of health disorders that can arise from chlorine exposure, including:
The risk of skin irritation due to chlorine will increase if you are exposed to large amounts of chlorine, for example when you swim in a pool that uses high levels of chlorine.
Allergic reactions that may occur are itching and redness. Occasionally, chlorine exposure can also cause scaly skin and rash. This is because chlorine is able to scrape natural oils on the skin. This is the reason why the skin feels dry and seems attracted after swimming.
Chlorine can sometimes cause irritation, especially when chlorine is mixed with sweat, dead skin cells, and urine. This is due to a component in chlorine called chloramine. The presence of chloramine can be identified from the stinging smell of pool water.
Chlorine exposure can cause itchy and reddened eyes, blurred vision, and sore sensations in the eyes. Therefore, rinse immediately with clean water when the eyes are exposed to chlorine.
You are also encouraged to use your goggles while swimming in the chlorine-containing pool.
Exposure to large amounts of chlorine gas can cause irritation and respiratory disorders. This condition can trigger symptoms of shortness of breath, runny nose, chest pain, cough, and wheezing. Chlorine gas exposure can also trigger the recurrence of symptoms in asthma sufferers.
Large amounts of chlorine will react with the mucosal layer in the body and form chloric acid and hypochloric acid. Both of these substances are toxic substances to the human body.
Chlorine poisoning is generally characterized by symptoms of a sore sensation in the mouth, swelling and pain in the throat, abdominal pain, vomiting, and bleeding CHAPTER. In addition, chlorine poisoning is also characterized by changes in pH in the blood and a drastic decrease in blood pressure.
However, the chlorine will not cause harmful health effects if the content is very small, as in drinking water. One study showed that the addition of low chlorine in drinking water actually provides protection against water-causing bacteria that can be transmitted through water.
13th September 17:05