Non-communicable disease (PTM) is a type of disease that cannot be transmitted from person to person through any form of contact. However, some of these non-communicable diseases have a fairly high mortality rate.
The death toll from non-communicable diseases is high. Based on data from the WHO in 2018, it is estimated that there are about 41 million people who die from non-communicable diseases each year. These data show that almost 71% of deaths worldwide are caused by non-communicable diseases. It is estimated that at least 1.4 million people die each year due to non-communicable diseases. Most non-communicable diseases are chronic (chronic disease).
More About Non-Communicable Diseases and Risk Factors
There are several factors that can increase the risk of non-communicable diseases, including genetic or hereditary factors, old age, and environmental factors, such as pollution. In addition, non-communicable diseases are also more likely to occur in people who have an unhealthy lifestyle, for example:
- Lack of exercise
- Smoking habits
- Alcohol consumption
- Unhealthy eating habits, such as the habit of eating fast food, foods high in cholesterol, salt and sugar, and eating less vegetables and fruits
6 Types of Non-Communicable Diseases with High Mortality Rate
Non-communicable diseases (PTM) can attack all organs of the body. Therefore, there are many types of non-communicable diseases that can occur.
However, of the many types of non-communicable diseases, there are several diseases that are at high risk of causing death, namely:
1. Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is a group of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Heart and vascular disease is the world’s number one cause of chronic death. The emergence of this disease is closely related to high blood pressure, obesity, and atherosclerosis.
This cardiovascular disease consists of several types and most of these diseases endanger the lives of their patients. The most common and common types of cardiovascular disease are heart attacks, coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure.
Diabetes is a chronic non-communicable disease characterized by high blood sugar levels. Diabetes can be caused by hereditary factors and unhealthy lifestyle, such as rarely exercising, and often consuming foods high in sugar and fat.
Uncontrolled diabetes can cause damage to body organs and a variety of dangerous complications, such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, severe infections, diabetic ketoacidosis, and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS).
Cancer is a non-communicable disease with the second highest mortality rate after heart and vascular disease.
In Indonesia, the most common types of cancer in men are lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer, while in women, the most common types of cancer are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer.
4. Chronic respiratory disorders
Chronic respiratory disorders are one of the non-communicable diseases that still occur in Indonesia. This disease is most often caused by smoking habits, exposure to cigarette smoke, or frequent inhalation of polluted polluted air.
Some types of non-communicable diseases that attack the respiratory tract include:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PPOK)
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Lung disease due to work, such as inhaling too much poisonous gas or harmful substances in the workplace
If left untreated, the above diseases can cause severe respiratory disorders that can lead to respiratory failure. This has a high potential for death.
5. Kidney disease
There are several types of kidney disease. Two of the most common causes of death are chronic kidney disease and acute renal failure. The WHO estimates that around 5–10 million people die from kidney disease worldwide each year.
Many patients with kidney disease need lifelong treatment. One of them is to undergo blood washing or hemodialysis. If not treated properly, kidney disease can lead to permanent kidney damage that is at high risk of death.
6. Mental disorders
Mental disorder is one of the non-communicable diseases that is often considered not serious. This is because there are still many people who do not understand or even give stigma to mental health problems.
According to the WHO, the death toll from mental disorders is quite high. It is estimated that at least 8.6 million mentally ill people die each year worldwide.
Of the many types of mental disorders available, some of the most common causes of premature death are severe depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Most of the causes of death in people with mental disorders are suicide and drug abuse.
9th October 17:51