When you go for a routine dental check-up, your dentist may recommend getting your teeth scaled.
Another procedure dentists normally do in addition to teeth scaling is root planning.
Both dental procedures are known as “deep cleaning”.
Deep cleaning by scaling the teeth and root planning is essential to help check for periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. These procedures cover more than daily brushing of teeth.
Deep cleaning procedure
It may take more than one visit to the dental clinic when doing deep cleaning and teeth scaling.
If a person has receding gums or chronic periodontal disease, local anesthetic may need to be given during the procedures, depending on the severity of the case.
Though done as outpatient procedures, recovery usually takes a few days.
When should you get your teeth deep cleaned?
Your dentist will recommend deep cleaning, i.e., teeth scaling and root planning, if your teeth show signs of chronic periodontal (gum) disease.
Both the procedures can help stop the progress of the disease and keep your teeth in relatively healthy condition.
Chronic periodontal disease
A severe build-up of plaque will increase bacterial growth. This bacteria makes your gums separate or pull away from your teeth, making larger pockets for bacteria to easily flourish.
These pockets are unreachable with normal brushing of teeth at home. One way to reach these pockets where toothbrushes can’t, is by flossing regularly.
Apart from deep pockets between your gums and teeth, other important symptoms to look out for chronic periodontal disease would be:
- a change in your bite pattern (due to loosened teeth)
- bad breath
- bleeding gums
- red or tender gums
If left to progress, chronic periodontal disease can lead to:
- bone and tissue loss
- loose or moving teeth
- tooth loss
Causes of chronic periodontal disease
Some of the common reasons are:
- certain medical conditions
- family history
- hormonal changes
- poor dental hygiene
- poor nutrition
Deep cleaning procedure
Teeth scaling involves scraping plaque off your teeth and any large pockets the dentist may find between your teeth and gums.
Concerned patients who have a low threshold for pain can ask the dentist for a local anesthetic.
Then the dentist will carry out root planning by using a scaling tool to smooth the tooth roots. This procedure helps the gums re-attach to the teeth.
Depending on the individual’s dental health condition, the dentist may suggest additional treatment if necessary.
Benefits of deep cleaning
Both root planning and teeth scaling are considered the best preventive treatment for chronic periodontal disease, as they both improve the pocket gap between the teeth and gums.
Reducing pockets between teeth and gums reduces the risk of getting bone, tissue and tooth loss – all associated with chronic periodontal disease.
Risks associated with deep cleaning
The only risk from deep cleaning is infection after the procedure. As such, your dentist may give you a special mouthwash to use for a few days or prescribe a mild course of antibiotics.
After deep cleaning, you may experience soreness and pain for a few days.
If the following symptoms appear, do see your dentist immediately:
- area doesn’t seem to heal
- worsening pain
In conclusion: Deep cleaning with teeth scaling and root planning is a very good way to prevent or treat chronic periodontal disease. You may need more than one appointment to complete both procedures.
We hope this article on Deep cleaning has been informative to our readers. We encourage our readers to consult a dentist for more information on Deep cleaning, as the contents of this article should not be taken as medical advice.
8th October 2020 22:30
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