Vitamins are needed by the body. However, consuming too much of them can also lead to vitamin excess or hypervitaminosis. The dangers of excess vitamins for health vary, depending on the type of vitamin. Vitamins are substances that are needed by the body to support cell function and maintain health.
Examples are the benefits of vitamin A for eye health, the benefits of vitamin C for endurance, the benefits of vitamin D for bone health, and the benefits of vitamin E for skin health. Apart from being obtained from natural food ingredients, vitamin intake can also be in the form of supplements.
The dangers of excess vitamins and symptoms Vitamins can be divided into water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Examples of water-soluble vitamins are B and C. While examples of fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K. Each of these vitamins can cause health problems if consumed in excess. However, fat-soluble vitamins have a higher risk because they can accumulate in the body.
- Vitamin A
Vitamin A has many benefits, and one of them is to maintain healthy eyes and skin. However, excessive consumption of vitamin A can increase the risk of bone loss (osteoporosis). In addition, research shows that taking vitamin A in excess of 1.5 milligrams per day can increase the risk of fractures.
If you have consumed foods that contain lots of vitamin A, such as fish oil, milk, eggs, and liver, then you should reduce or no longer take vitamin A supplements so you don’t experience hypervitaminosis.
- Vitamin B
Vitamin B is divided into B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, and B12. The function of this vitamin also varies, from maintaining a healthy nervous system to helping the formation of red blood cells. Natural sources of B vitamins are vegetables, fruits, nuts, eggs, and liver. If this vitamin is consumed in excess, it can cause nausea, liver problems, skin redness, and burning.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C is abundant in oranges, broccoli and potatoes. Its main function is to maintain endurance and help the wound healing process. However, excess vitamin C can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D can naturally be produced by the skin with the help of sunlight. However, we can also get this vitamin from foods, such as fish oil, red meat, liver and eggs. The main function of vitamin D is to increase calcium absorption to maintain healthy bones, teeth and muscles.
However, excessive consumption can cause calcium buildup in the blood, arteries and soft tissues. Additionally, some people have reported kidney stones due to excess vitamin D.
- Vitamin E
Apart from being found in foods, such as vegetable oils, fruits, chicken, cereals, and eggs, vitamin E is also available in supplement form. Vitamin E is useful for maintaining healthy skin and body tissues.
However, the side effects that may occur if we consume this vitamin in excess are the appearance of bruises, rashes, headaches, and fatigue. In addition, research shows that an excess of this vitamin can increase the risk of stroke. If the food you consume every day varies, from fruits, vegetables, meat, eggs, and fish, then your daily vitamin needs are actually fulfilled. Especially if you adopt a nutritionally balanced diet.
18th September 13:55