Consumption of foods high in antioxidants is a natural way to fulfil the intake of antioxidants for the body. Antioxidants themselves play a role in protecting the body from the effects of free radicals that can cause various diseases.
What foods can you consume as a source of antioxidants? The body will naturally produce free radicals as waste from metabolism. However, free radicals can increase when the body is exposed to radiation or toxic substances found in cigarette smoke, pollution, pesticides, factory wastes, or processed foods that contain preservatives.
If the amount is excessive, free radicals can cause damage to the body’s cells and are often associated with various diseases, such as diabetes, cataracts, heart disease, and cancer.
To prevent cell damage due to free radicals that accumulate in the body, you need to consume nutritious foods that are rich in antioxidants.
Here are some of the following types of antioxidants that are rich in antioxidants:
Flavonoids are a group of chemicals found in many fruits, vegetables and plants. Flavonoids have antioxidant properties that can counteract the effects of free radicals and reduce inflammation. Several studies have suggested that a high intake of antioxidant-containing foods can prevent heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes. Even so, further research is still needed to prove its clinical effect on humans.
Flavonoids are abundant in beverages or foods high in oxidants, such as tea, black chocolate, soybeans, as well as fruits and vegetables, including apples, oranges, mangoes, guava, soursop, spinach, and broccoli.
Anthocyanin is a color substance that gives red, purple, orange, green, and blue to plants. This substance is included in the group of flavonoid antioxidants.
Anthocyanins are believed to prevent vascular blockage, heart disease, cancer, diabetes, metabolic disorders, and help fight infections. This compound also looks good for maintaining the health of the brain, nerves, and eyes. Some types of foods high in antioxidants that contain anthocyanins include tomatoes, grapes, pomegranates, black glutinous rice, red beans, peppers, and berries.
- Beta carotene
The antioxidant properties of beta carotene are good for maintaining the health of the eyes, skin, and reproductive organs, as well as maintaining the body’s resistance to infection. In the body, beta carotene will be processed into vitamin A.
Most beta carotene antioxidants can be found in fruits and vegetables that are red, orange, or yellow. Examples of foods high in antioxidants that are high in beta carotene are carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, tomatoes, beets, watermelon, peppers, and chili. However, there are some green vegetables that also contain beta carotene, such as spinach, broccoli, and peas.
Some people may take a supplement containing lycopene to maintain good health. In fact, lycopene can be obtained easily. The trick is to consume brightly colored fruits or vegetables, such as tomatoes, watermelon, grapefruit, guava, and papaya.
This antioxidant lycopene has several properties that are believed to be good for the body’s health, such as preventing cancer (including prostate cancer), protecting the skin from sun damage, maintaining brain function and eye health, and strengthening bones.
Polyphenols are believed to have many benefits, such as lowering blood sugar levels, reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer, maintaining the health of the digestive system, and maintaining brain function.
You can get these various benefits by consuming foods or beverages high in polyphenols, such as tea, coffee, dark chocolate, grapes, berries, broccoli, carrots, spinach, soybeans, sprouts, cinnamon, cloves, ginger and cumin. In addition to some of the above types of antioxidants, there are also vitamins and minerals that have antioxidant properties, including vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and zinc.
10th September 2020 12:54
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