Although it is more common in the elderly, young people can also get cataracts. Check out the following article to find out what causes cataracts at a young age that you need to be aware of.
Cataract is a condition where the lens of the eye becomes cloudy. This condition is the main cause of blindness in the world.
That is why, you need to be aware of it from an early age. The reason is, cataracts can occur at a young age.
There are various causes of cataracts at a young age that can happen to you. Some of them even seem trivial and are often overlooked.
Causes of Cataracts at a Young Age Here are some factors that can cause cataracts at a young age:
1. Eye injury
Blunt injuries, such as impact, as well as sharp injuries, such as punctures to the eye, can interfere with the structure of the lens in the eye.
This condition can cloud the lens of the eye and cause cataracts directly or slowly, even in children.
2. Sun exposure
The next cause of cataracts at a young age is exposure to ultraviolet rays (UV rays) from the sun. UV rays, particularly UVA rays, can penetrate the cornea and reach the eye lens and retina. Excessive exposure to these rays is known to cause injury to the cornea and lead to cataracts.
To reduce the risk of developing cataracts due to exposure to UV rays, it is recommended that you wear sunglasses when you are outdoors during the day.
If you suffer from diabetes at a young age, your risk of developing cataracts will also be higher. The buildup of sugar (sorbitol) that is triggered by diabetes can form a cloudy cloud that fills the eye lens.
The effect is that light cannot pass through the lens and vision becomes blurry. Apart from cataracts, diabetics are also more at risk of developing other eye diseases, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy.
Heredity can be the cause of cataracts at a young age. This factor is even one of the most common causes of cataracts in infants.
Your risk of developing cataracts at a young age will be higher if you have family members with a history of cataracts, especially if the cataracts they experienced also occurred at a young age.
5. Cigarettes and alcohol
Heavy smokers are three times more likely to develop cataracts. Not only smokers, alcoholic drink addicts are also among those at high risk for cataracts at a young age.
In addition to these five things, long-term consumption or use of corticosteroid drugs, poor diet, and obesity can also increase the risk of developing cataracts at a young age.
The causes of cataracts at a young age can occur from infants to young adults. The sooner the cataract is found, the better the treatment results will be obtained.