Skin allergies in children are a fairly common condition. The types and symptoms are also varied. There are several types of skin allergies a child is prone to, including triggers.
An allergy is a reaction of the immune system to a foreign substance that is actually harmless, but is considered a threat by the patient’s body. These allergens are called allergens, and allergens in one patient are not necessarily the same as allergens in other patients.
When a child has a skin allergy, it means there is exposure of the allergen to his body, possibly from the air inhaled by the child; food, drink, or medicine he consumes; as well as certain substances or substances that affect the skin.
Types of Skin Allergies in Children
As mentioned earlier, skin allergic reactions can occur when a child is exposed to allergens (allergens). The exposure of these allergens does not have to be directly on the skin, but can also enter through the gastrointestinal tract or respiratory tract. The following will explain more about some types of skin allergies that commonly occur in children:
Allergic contact dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is a type of skin allergy in children that occurs after the child’s skin is exposed directly by allergens, such as plant rubber, soap, lotion, perfume, even jewelry and makeup.
Allergic contact dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of swollen and itchy red rash on the allergen-exposed skin area. Symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis can also be dry and scaly skin.
Hives is a type of skin allergy in children that can be triggered by many factors, ranging from insect bites or stings, latex substances, saliva or animal hair, viral infections, antibiotics, to foods, such as milk, eggs, nuts, or seafood .
Bleeding can be characterized by the appearance of itchy red bumps on some parts of the body. Red bumps due to blemishes can appear suddenly and subside within minutes to hours. However, it can also arise slowly and settle for several days or even weeks.
Eczema or atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory reaction on the skin characterized by the appearance of a reddish rash that becomes more itchy when scratched, dry skin, and rough skin thickening. This thickening is formed gradually as the skin is often scratched.
Eczema is usually experienced by children aged 1-5 years. Skin allergic reactions in children with eczema often appear on the cheeks, back of the neck, back, chest, and abdomen.
This type of skin allergy can be triggered, among others, by dry air, sweat, dust, pollen, animal hair, soap, and detergent. In addition to exposure to allergens on the skin, consumption of certain foods, such as eggs, nuts, cow’s milk, wheat, and seafood, can also trigger eczema in children.
These are some of the common skin allergies in children. If the child often suffers from rashes, itching, or swelling on the skin after inhaling, touching, or consuming a substance that is thought to be an allergen, it is possible to avoid it as much as possible.
It is best to take the kid to the doctor so that the type of skin allergy he or she experiences and its triggers can be known for sure through an allergy test. After that, the doctor will tell you how to prevent the recurrence of allergies in the child and how to deal with it in case of recurrence of allergies.