It is important to recognize the symptoms of heart disease from an early age. This is because heart disease is a serious condition that can be life threatening if not treated quickly.
Heart disease is one of the most deadly diseases in the world. According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, in 2019 alone, there were about 17 million people dying of heart disease.
Unfortunately, detecting heart disease is not always easy. This is because the symptoms of heart disease can vary, depending on the type of heart disease you suffer.
In addition, there are quite a few symptoms of heart disease that are similar to mild health problems. In the end, it makes the sufferer not feel the need to see a doctor. As a result, the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease is delayed. Here are some symptoms of heart disease based on the type of heart disease:
- Symptoms of coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease (CBC) occurs when the blood flow that carries oxygen and nutrients to the heart is blocked due to the accumulation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of the coronary arteries.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease may be different for men and women. In men, the symptoms of CBC are usually typical, namely chest pain that spreads (angina pectoris). While in women, the symptoms that appear can be chest discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, and severe tiredness.
Arrhythmias are conditions when the heartbeat beats irregularly, for example the heart beats too fast, too slow, or even loses 1 or 2 beats in the middle. Symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias may include like mild headache, the heart is pounding, slow pulse, shortness of breath, spinning or fainted.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease that causes the heart muscles to become larger and stiff, thick, or weak. In this type of heart disease, at first you may not experience symptoms. However, as conditions worsen, the symptoms may include shortness of breath when doing some light activity or even at rest, Swelling of the feet or ankles, irregular heartbeat or faster, fatigue and flatuance.
- Heart valve disease
The heart has 4 valves that function to flow blood from and to the heart. In people with heart valve disease, one or more valves in the heart do not work properly. As a result, blood flow from the heart becomes disrupted.
Some people with heart valve disease may not experience symptoms for years. However, some others may suddenly experience symptoms that develop very quickly.
- Heart failure
Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle is too weak to pump blood normally. This condition can be caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries or high blood pressure.
- Congenital heart disease
Symptoms of congenital heart disease can usually be seen from birth. In infants, the symptoms of heart defect can be like having black lips and Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or area around the eyes.
Meanwhile, the symptoms of congenital heart disease that are not detected until adulthood can be due to shortness of breath when exercising or being active, easily to get tired while exercising or being active, swelling in the hands or ankles.