Humans need sunlight on the earth, in order for the skin to get vitamin D. Vitamin D makes bones stronger and helps the body more easily absorb calcium. However, too much UV exposure can have a detrimental effect on the body.
UV rays are basically sunlight that reaches the earth. These UV rays are divided into several types, while the types of UV rays that are commonly known are UVA and UVB. These two types of UV rays if exposed to too much can affect the health of the body.
Adverse health effects that may occur, such as eye health disorders, chronic or acute skin health disorders (sunburn or erythema), and immune system disorders.
In the long run, excessive exposure to UV rays can cause inflammatory reactions of the eyes, actinic keratosis, photodermatosis, as well as degenerative changes in skin cells, blood vessels, and fibrous tissue.
Here are some of the effects of UV rays on your health by type:
Impact of UVA Rays on Health
This single UV ray can cause long-term skin damage. The reason is, most sun exposure is UVA. UVA rays can cause a number of health conditions such as wrinkles, skin aging, and increase the risk of skin cancer.
Impact of UVB Rays on Health
While UVB rays can help the body get vitamin D, but it can also cause some conditions. Examples include cataracts, sunburn, and skin cancer. This intensity of UV light will increase in the highlands, close to the equator, and at noon.
Therefore, it is important for you to know how to protect your skin from the impact of UV rays. You already know the impact of UV rays, don’t you? Not only is it harmful to the health of the skin, but it can also affect the health of the eyes. Here are some ways you can protect yourself from excessive UV rays,
- Use sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 15
To protect the skin from UVA and UVB rays, choose a sunscreen that says “broad-spectrum” on the packaging. Remember to use it 15 minutes before your skin is exposed to sunlight, and reapply sunscreen after about 1 hour of application.
- Do not let your skin be exposed to direct sunlight
In addition to using sunscreen, you can also use covered clothing to protect your skin. Such as long-sleeved dresses, long pants, and hats with wide edges.
- Avoid exposure to the sun at certain times
As much as possible, avoid going out or exposed to too much sunlight at 10.00-14.00 noon.
Use sunglasses Sunlight can not only harm your skin but also your eyes. Therefore, use sunglasses that have protection from UV rays. Although UV rays can have a detrimental effect on health, it does not mean that you avoid them at all. Because basically, UV rays also have health benefits as long as they are not exposed for too long and avoid them at certain times.