When your nasal cavities become infected, swollen, and inflamed, it is normally be narrowed down to sinus or as rhinosinusitis, its medical term.
A virus is the usual cause of sinusitis and often lingers even after other upper respiratory symptoms are gone. A sinus infection in some cases is caused by bacteria, or on rare occasion by fungus.
Sinus pain and symptoms are also attributed by allergies, nasal polyps, and tooth infections.
Chronic versus acute
The American Academy of Otolaryngology defines acute sinusitis as sinus that lasts less than four weeks. A cold or other respiratory illness is the usual cause of an acute infection.
Sinuses that lasts for more than twelve weeks or continue to recur on the other hand are regarded as chronic sinus. Facial pain, infected nasal discharge, and congestion are diagnosed by specialists to be the main criteria for sinusitis.
Acute and chronic forms of sinus have many infection symptoms that are common in both. The best way to learn if you have an infection, find the cause, and to get proper treatment is to see your doctor.
Pain in your sinuses
In sinusitis, pain is a common symptom. You have several different sinuses located above and below your eyes as well as behind your nose. When you have a sinus infection, any or both of these areas can hurt.
Sinuses ache due to dull pressure caused from inflammation and swelling. You may experience pain in your forehead, on either side of your nose, in your upper jaws and teeth, or between your eyes which could lead to a headache.
Blowing your nose often is normally associated to a sinus infection and cloudy, green, or yellow nasal discharge appears. This discharge drains into your nasal passages from your infected sinuses where it resides.
The discharge could drain down the back of your throat as it bypasses your nose. You may get a sore throat as the discharge could tickle and itch on its way down your throat.
This may cause coughing at night when you’re lying down to sleep, as well as in the morning after getting up, and a hoarse voice could result from this. This is known as postnasal drip.
Swelling in your inflamed sinuses and nasal passages may restrict the quality of breathing through the nose. Hampered taste or smell can result from nasal congestion and can make your voice sound “stuffy.”
Headaches could occur from the continuous pressure and swelling in your sinuses. Earaches, dental pain, and pain in your jaws and cheeks are also associated with sinus headaches.
Due to fluids accumulating all night long, sinus headaches are often at their worst in the morning. Sudden environment changes can worsen your headache.
Throat irritation and cough
Over a long period of time, throat irritation can occur, caused by continuous discharge from your sinuses draining down the back of your throat.
A persistent and annoying cough can result from this which can be worse when lying down to sleep or after awakening and getting up from bed. Because of this, sleeping will be difficult.
To reduce the frequency and intensity of your coughing, sleeping upright or with your head elevated can help.
Sore throat and hoarse voice
A raw and aching throat can happen from postnasal drips. It begins as an annoying tickle which gets worse. The mucus can irritate and inflame your throat as it drips, if your infection lasts for a few weeks or more, resulting in a painful sore throat and hoarse voice.
When to see your doctor for sinus infection
A fever, nasal discharge, congestion, or facial pain that lasts longer than ten days is a sign to make an appointment with your doctor.
Though not a typical symptom, a fever could show signs of chronic or acute sinusitis.
This is a general summary on sinus. Consult your medical doctor for proper information, as special treatment may be required especially if you could have an underlying condition that may be causing your chronic infections.
11th July 15:50 2020