The situation might look serious as its dramatic appearance suggests if blood flows out from your nose, but chances are it’s not.
Your nostrils have a wall between them that is full of tiny vessels that break fairly easily and lead to bleeding, if you bump your nose or blow it too hard. Other causes of broken blood vessels could be irritation and blockage from allergies, sneezing resulting from colds or the flu, even overusing nasal decongestants or breathing dry air.
Fret not, none of these symptoms are severe and should not raise any concern. That said, if the bleeding continues long enough, it may need medical attention if it is related to conditions from blood-thinning medications or disorders like hemophilia.
The damaged blood vessel is sometimes one of the larger ones far back in the nose, near the throat, which explains why sometimes a lot more blood oozes out of the nose. These injuries are called posterior nosebleeds and are less common but more serious compared to bleeding occurring near the opening of the nostril.
A blow to the head, a broken nose or a nasal tumor are other possible nosebleed triggers that should not be taken lightly.
When should I seek medical attention?
Immediately seek medical attention if you have reason to suspect a posterior nosebleed. If leaving immediately is not an option, you should direct the blood toward your nose rather than letting it slide down your throat or airways start by sitting down and leaning forward slightly.
“Swallowing it can lead to nausea and vomiting,” says co-author of a recent German review of nosebleed treatments, Dr. Martin Sorge. “Besides, there’s a danger you could breathe some blood, which could lead to pneumonia.” You shouldn’t lie down before the bleeding stops for the same reasons.
Next, below the bony bridge, firmly pinch the soft part of your nose. Pinch both nostrils together even if you know that only one nostril is affected, as this will apply enough pressure on your wound to stop the bleeding.
The bleeding will usually end within 20 minutes or less of pinching, so continue this for at least 10 minutes before releasing your hold to check how things are progressing. If the bleeding still persists, seek medical attention.
If you’ve swallowed enough blood and feel like vomiting, you definitely should head to a clinic or a hospital. The same applies also if you are experiencing difficulty in breathing, or you notice signs of excessive blood loss, such as dizziness or fainting.
What can I do about my nosebleeds?
Aside from home remedies, some doctors have revealed their secrets to counteract nosebleeds. Doctors will likely try to cauterize the bleeding site with chemicals if they can pinpoint it.
If not, they would fill up space inside your nose by putting pressure on the wound. they may stuff your nose with sterile, lubricated gauze or, if you have a posterior nosebleed, blow up a specially shaped balloon inside the nostril to stop the bleeding.
To avoid reopening the same wound, there are steps taken after a nosebleed to prevent a second nosebleed.
- If possible, restrain yourself from blowing your nose for the next day or two.
- When feeling the sensation of a sneeze coming on, try focus it through your mouth to lessen the strain on your nose.
- Try humidifying your room if you think dry air was a reason for the bleeding, or using a saline or water-based nasal gel for relief.
- Because of the strain on your damaged blood vessel, you should avoid heavy lifting and abstain from smoking as it’s well known to dry up your nasal passage (which includes your nose).
- Avoid drinking hot liquids or taking hot showers (the steam can cause the blood vessels in your nose to dilate).
To put it in a nutshell, take necessary precautions to prevent straining the blood vessels in your nose after a nosebleed, and give it a chance to heal.
6th June 19:30