Dyslipidemia is a condition in which the fat levels increase in the blood. Any individual might be at risk for heart disease and stroke. Dislipidemia does not show any symptoms and is usually only detected during a blood check or medical check-up.
Cholesterol is the type of fat that is useful in breaking down food and producing hormones. There are three types of cholesterol in the body, namely high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides.
Causes and Dangers of Dislipidemia
Dislipidemia is divided into 2 types, namely primary and secondary dyslipidemia. Primary dyslipidemia is passed down from parent to child, whereas secondary dyslipidemia is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle or a specific disease.
Among the conditions that may increase the risk of dyslipidemia are:
- Liver disease, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, uncontrolled diabetes, and hypothyroidism.
- Overweight or obesity.
- Kidney diseases, such as kidney stones and kidney failure.
- Consumption of blood pressure-lowering beta-blockers, corticosteroids, diuretics, HIV medications, or KB pills.
Too much cholesterol can accumulate in the artery walls and form plaques (atherosclerosis). As a result, the blood flow to the body including the heart and brain, thus interfering. It can cause a number of diseases, such as stroke, high blood pressure, heart attack, coronary heart disease, and peripheral artery disease.
How to treat Dislipidemia
As they are not symptomatic, the condition for dyslipidemia needs to be detected through a doctor’s check. The doctor will perform a physical examination and a blood test to assess blood fat levels.
But there are some ways that you can do to reduce blood fat levels if you are diagnosed with dyslipidemia.
1. Take medicine
Statin-based groups of drugs, such as atorvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, and simvastatin, are commonly prescribed drugs to treat dyslipidemia. It is not uncommon for doctors to prescribe other types of drugs, such as ezetimibe, nicotinic acid, and fenofibrate.
Medications are given when one or more cholesterol levels have reached a severe level, namely:
- LDL cholesterol levels are over 190 mg / dL.
- HDL cholesterol levels are less than 40 mg / dL in men or 50 mg / dL in women.
- Triglyceride levels are over 200 mg / dL.
- Doctors can prescribe medication even if the patient’s blood cholesterol level is not severe. This is usually done because the patient has certain conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease. But in general, low blood cholesterol levels can be addressed by living a healthy lifestyle.
Diet to lose weight is often chosen as a measure to lower LDL cholesterol levels. When making a diet, patients should limit their intake of foods containing many saturated fats, such as cheese, butter, fries, and fatty meat.
Some types of foods, such as avocado, whole wheat, onions, fruits and vegetables, and omega-3 foods, can be good supplements to help lower LDL cholesterol levels.
3. Regular exercise
Exercise can restore blood cholesterol levels to normal levels. Regular exercise for 20-30 minutes, done 5 times a week, can reduce triglycerides and bad cholesterol, and increase HDL cholesterol. Other sports you can choose from are jogging, swimming, or biking.
4. Don’t smoke
Quitting smoking can increase HDL cholesterol levels by up to 5-10%. In addition to quitting smoking, restricting the intake of alcohol can also help lower blood cholesterol levels.
To find out if you have dyslipidemia, you should check with your doctor. Your doctor will also tell you the correct diet, type of exercise, and medication to lower your cholesterol levels, depending on your condition.
30th May 12:36