Yup you heard right, 7 types of leg pains and what you can do to improve it rather than suffering and crying. Many people would associate leg pain to cramping or a broken leg but the fact is there are many other reasons to why your legs would hurt.

Causes of leg pain can only be properly diagnosed by physicians, so it is best to consult one if home remedies don’t do the trick.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

“The key with leg pain is the context,” said the chief of the foot and ankle division of orthopedics at Johns Hopkins University, Casey Humbyrd, MD, from Baltimore. Call your doctor if someone just got off a flight and says ‘My leg hurts’ .

“We truly see a spike in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) during holiday travel season. Of course, many other kinds of leg pain are just signs of overuse and respond to ice and anti-inflammatory [pain medications].” (DVT occurs when a vein usually in the lower limbs has a blood clot present.) A blood clot can be dangerous or even fatal, as it may cause cardiac arrest if it travels up to the heart or a brain aneurysm if it travels to the brain.

Shin splints

A sign of shin splints is if pain is felt in the front of the leg or knee, with the cause related to overuse most of the time. This is can be seen in those who just started exercising or in those who suddenly ramp up their exercise pace or activity without proper preparation.

“You often hear people say ‘I just started walking [or running] and started out at about three miles a day,'” says Dr. Humbyrd. “Their bodies aren’t ready for that increase in activity. Rest your legs, use ice to reduce swelling, and take anti-inflammatory painkillers,” she advises.

According to Dr. Humbyrd, consuming the right amounts of vitamin D prevents splints from developing into stress fractures. Request your doctor to check your vitamin D levels, and if the levels are low, ask for the best way to increase your vitamin D.

Leg cramps

According to an orthopedic sports medicine surgeon at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, John-Paul Rue, MD, overuse or dehydration are the cause of spasms or cramps in the leg muscles that lasts for several seconds.

Leg cramps could sometimes be triggered by just walking longer than usual. Normal muscle cramps usually last a few seconds or minutes at most and symptoms can be relieved with rest, warmth and stretching. Distinguishing between normal cramps and DVT (deep vein thrombosis) is important according to Rue.

“The DVT usually presents with more deep-seated constant pain and swelling,” he says. If you suspect you have any symptoms of DVT, seek immediate medical attention.

Peripheral artery disease happens when the arteries are clogged (much like heart disease) and could be another reason for continuous pain and cramping as the limbs receive reduced blood flow. Pain in the calf while walking is the classic symptom of peripheral artery disease .

Knee pain

Bursitis could be the reason if you experience increased knee pain or when your joints become red and swollen when moving them, according to Dr. Rue. Remedies for bursitis are ice, rest, and over-the-counter pain relievers to help you cope with the pain.

Dr. Rue recommends seeking medical treatment if the pain and swelling does not dissipate despite home remedies.

Sciatica

Pressure on the sciatic nerve that runs from the lower back through the buttocks and into the legs could be the cause of the shooting pain down the back of the leg.

“We see that in gentlemen who carry heavy wallets in the back pocket of their pants,” says Dr. Rue. Lighten your wallet to relieve the pressure it places on the nerve; will often relieve the pain.

Achilles tendon injury

Achilles tendon injury has one common sign; pain above the heel bone. It is one of the most common causes of leg pain according to Dr. Humbyrd.

Common reasons for this is continuous wearing and overuse of high heels, particularly for those with flat feet. The tendon will heal better with proper rest and ice.

If you ignore the pain and continue to do athletic sports or even power walking, the tendon can rupture which may require surgery.

“It’s important for people to listen to their bodies and pay attention to the warning signs,” Dr. Humbyrd says.

Growing pains

Nearly everyone would have gone through this in their childhood days, with many recalling the severe leg cramps and leg pain that came with growing pains. This occurs when muscle tendons stretch as a child’s bone grows, causing pain at the points where they attach to the bone.

“I’ve had my kids go through these and they’re usually associated with growth spurts,” says Dr. Rue. To lessen the pain, he recommends the usage of ice packs, pain relievers, and some light stretching.

Thigh pain

Thigh pain is commonly experienced by construction workers, police officers, fire fighters, and those who need to wear heavy belts. The reason for this could be due to the heavy belt giving pressure to a nerve that surrounds the hip.

According to Dr. Rue, the pain is can run down to the thigh. The smartest solution for this is to lighten the weight on the belt.

By Aaron
12th May 19:54

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