Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It is commonly caused by viral infections, chemicals, drugs, medication abuse, and immunity disorders. There are several forms of Hepatitis Viruses including Hepatitis A, B and C, which each caused by Hepatitis A, B, and C’s viruses.

Each type of Hepatitis Virus is spread through different methods and requires a different type of therapies.

Hepatitis A infection causes acute inflammation in the liver and the development of the disease is limited to symptoms which lasts for several weeks before the person is fully recovered. This infection will cause lifelong immunity.

Hepatitis B infection is the most common liver infection. Most infected people recover from acute Hepatitis B infection and become immune to it. However, some people may develop long-term Hepatitis B infections that cause serious complications, including chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis (liver disease), liver failure and liver cancer. Hepatitis B is endemic in Singapore and about 4% of its population is a carrier of it.

Hepatitis C infection contributes to the development of chronic liver disease worldwide. Most infected people cannot get rid of the virus, and as a result, the virus causes ongoing damage to the liver for many years. Similar to Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C can cause Chronic Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Liver Failure and Cancer.

Some Hepatitis patients are asymptomatic (patients are unaware of any of its symptoms). However, common symptoms of Hepatitis can include discomfort in the stomach, darker urine colour, loss appetite, fever, fatigue, nausea and dizziness.

How is the disease transmitted

Alcohol and other poisons. Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause liver and inflammation. Sometimes it is referred to as alcoholic hepatitis. Alcohol directly harms your liver cells.

Over time, it can cause permanent damage, liver failure and cirrhosis, scar tissue in the liver. Other causes, hepatitis are due to drug overdose and exposure to toxins.

The transmission of hepatitis through water and food. Hepatitis A is caused by consuming food or water that is infected with the hepatitis A virus (HAV), often when traveling abroad. The virus can also be transmitted through anal intercourse or during sex or by drug injection.

Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and spreads through contact with infected blood, semen, and some other body fluids. It can be a sexually transmitted disease (PMS).

Hepatitis C is caused by a contagious infection, which occurs when the HCV virus is under the skin. Usually spreads are through narcotic injections, syringe injuries, and lack of infection control in health care settings.

How to Prevent Hepatitis

Maintaining good hygiene is one of the main ways to prevent hepatitis A and E. In case you are traveling to developed countries, you should avoid their water, ice, mussels and raw or half-cooked oysters..

Hepatitis B, C, and D meanwhile are transmitted through contaminated blood can be prevented by not sharing drug needles, a razor, anyone else’s toothbrush and don’t touch spilled blood.

Hepatitis B and C can also be transmitted through sexual contact and intimate sexual contact. Having safe sex with condoms can help reduce the risk of infection. You can find many options available for purchase online.

The use of vaccines is an important key to preventing hepatitis. Vaccinations are available to prevent the development of hepatitis A and B. Experts are currently developing the vaccine against hepatitis C. Vaccination for hepatitis E is available in China.

By Nurul
5th May 2020 17:01

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