Vitamin A is a group of compounds that are needed in small quantities for our body to maintain its health. This vitamin cannot be produced by the body, so it is one of the important aspects of nutrition.

Although it is rare, however, vitamin deficiencies can have an impact on the body, and individuals who are at risk for vitamin deficiency are pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, infants, and children. So, what are the signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency?

What is vitamin A?
Vitamin A can be found in a variety of food sources, including green vegetables, orange vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, milk and eggs. These vitamins are important for various body functions such as for the eyes, vision, healthy skin, and can help fight infections.

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin, which is divided into two types. The first type is preformed vitamin A which is also known as retinol and is commonly found in meat, fish, eggs and dairy products.

Meanwhile, the second type is provitamin A which is a type of vitamin derived from carotenoids in plants such as vegetables and fruits in red, green, yellow, and orange colors which will be converted to vitamin A by the body.

What are the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency?

1. Dry skin
Although dry skin can be caused by a variety of other factors, and vitamin A deficiency can also be one of the causes. This vitamin is essential for producing and repairing skin cells. It also helps to fight and prevent inflammation due to some skin problems.

Not getting enough vitamin A is likely to cause eczema and other skin problems.

2. Heals slowly
Slow wound healing after injury or surgery can be associated with low vitamin A intake. This is because vitamin A promotes the production of collagen – an essential component for healthy skin.

Studies believe that taking vitamin A either through supplements or through nutrition can help to strengthen the skin.

3. Dry eyes
This is one of the most common issues caused by vitamin deficiency. It can lead to blindness or corneal death in most of the chronic cases. Dry eyes or inability to produce tears are among the first signs of vitamin A. deficiency Most children in India, Africa, and Southeast Asia whose diet low in vitamin A, are at risk for this problem.

4. Acne
As vitamin A promotes skin development and counteracts inflammation, it may help to prevent or to treat acne. Some studies show a correlation between low intakes of vitamin A with the appearance of acne.

5. Growth disorders
Children who do not get enough vitamin A will have developmental problems. This is because vitamin A is essential for the proper development of the human body.

6. Infection
Frequent infections, especially for the throat and chest, are a sign of vitamin A deficiency. Although the results are mixed, vitamin A supplements can help control infections in the respiratory tract.

7. Fertility problems
Fertility problems can occur in both men and women. This is because vitamin A is essential for the reproduction and development of the baby. If you have difficulty to get pregnant, it may be a symptom of vitamin A deficiency, but it can also be a cause for miscarriage.

There are other studies showing that fertile men may need a greater need for antioxidants because of their higher levels of oxidative stress in their bodies. Vitamin A is one of the sources of nutrients that act as antioxidants in the body.

The dangers of taking too much

Even vitamin A deficiency can cause certain symptoms. However, excessive intake can also be dangerous and harmful to your health.

Possible problems may include nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, bone thinning, liver damage, headache, and diarrhea – if taken in large doses continuously for long periods of time.

By Nurul
25th April 15:18

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