Obesity is a black hole for chronic diseases. Undoubtedly, those who have excess weight problems are at risk for a variety of diseases.
More recently, studies show that people with obesity, diabetes and hypertension have a higher risk of Covid-19 infection.
This means they have a high risk of dying if confirmed positive for Covid-19.
This is serious as obesity is a long-standing epidemic. In the United States, 42.4% of the population has an obesity problem.
Malaysia, which also has the highest incidence of obesity in Southeast Asia, did not escape the threat.
More worryingly, childhood obesity cases have increased over the years. If those with obesity are at risk of getting a severe infection, then the health sector will not win a hand to manage a more serious pandemic every day.
It has been months of research to understand the pattern of Covid-19 infection occurring in the human population. Among the factors that have been studied and published in the journal site are age, gender, chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and most recently, obesity.
When viewed on a weight-to-weight (BMI) scale, obesity and obesity are two distinct classes.
However, both are important risk factors in understanding the causes behind the increasing cases of chronic diseases worldwide.
A medical records analysis study involving 4,103 Covid-19 patients in New York City showed 2 important factors affecting the severity of the outbreak symptoms.
These factors – age over 65 and obesity problems.
The data in this decision tree shows statistical methods based on similar characteristics in the patient population.
As reviewed, if we eliminate age factors, obesity is a major chronic factor that increases the risk of death due to new coronary virus infections. Although this study involves only data analysis, it is a plausible conclusion.
This is because excess weight problems are often associated with inflammation.
It promotes inflammatory processes and when infections enter the human body, the level of inflammation becomes very high.
This often occurs when a person is in a state of sepsis (the body’s extreme reaction to infection).
However, we do not yet have complete information on the degree of inflammation that Covid-19 can cause.
Obese individuals are at high risk of submitted to the hospital
Those infected with Covid-19 will usually have mild symptoms.
This means they only show symptoms of fever, cough and cold without any other life-threatening manifestations.
Such cases require isolation to prevent transmission and even if they are admitted to the hospital, it is for monitoring purposes only. However, in general, isolation at home is sufficient if the residential area is suitable for isolation.
Those who are admitted to the hospital are generally at higher risk of death.
Severe symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain and fainting require additional monitoring and equipment to ensure they have the opportunity to survive.
Therefore, the patterns and rates of hospital admission are important to consider.
We need to know the risk factors why a person is more likely to be hospitalized. Most Covid-19 studies show 2 strong factors; age and obesity.
A study at the University of New York involving 3,615 Covid-19 patients showed that obese people were twice as likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU).
This aspect should also be duly noted in Malaysia.
It is followed by patients with obesity and who have severe Covid-19 symptoms typically 60 years and older.
This factor needs to be emphasized especially when the curfew is in progress.
Most individuals do not meet the recommended weekly physical activity quota by the World Health Organization (WHO).