There is no doubt that we are always confused by the doctor’s description each time we go to a clinic or hospital. This is because there are times when doctors use explicit terms such as viruses and bacteria, but sometimes also a doctor will call a general term that existed in the Malay language – the “germ”.

This situation is actually a bit confusing to us as we refer to the dictionary, “germ” has the meaning of “living things that cause all kinds of diseases” and “something delicate or artistic (like dust)”.

The term germ does not distinguish between viruses and bacteria, but both are of a very different character.

Where did the term virus come from?

One fact that needs to be explained first, is the actual status of the virus. Many people think of the virus as a living thing.

The term “virus” actually comes from a Latin word that refers to a liquid or a toxic substance. In addition to Latin, Sanskrit also has a similar word “visam” which represents toxic and toxic substances.

Only in the 18th century did the use of the word virus begin to be used as a noun to represent substances that cause disease in humans. From there we can see how different viruses are with bacteria.

Viruses are toxic substances produced by chemical reactions but bacteria are living things, an organism that undergoes natural processes.

Confusion about virus status as a living thing

What confuses the status of the virus as one of the living things, is its ability. Viruses are formed by a combination of nucleic acids that are contained or coated by a protein coating.

When a virus invades a host or host, it breaks down the protein coating that binds it and invades the host cell. The attacked cells will then be given a new task in the plant, reproducing the nucleic acid which is the main ingredient of the virus over and over again.

This causes the number of viruses to multiply. To start active, the virus needs a home that supplies it to the cell to be destroyed.

Without those cells, the virus can’t do anything. It is a key guide in classifying cell-free viruses for their own survival. The virus does not function without a home. The virus cannot reproduce on its own.

Many think that viruses are more like chemicals than living things, but to date, there has been no discrepancy in this contradiction.

Bacteria – living organisms

Bacteria is a term that was only introduced in the mid-19th century after researchers successfully identified the existence of rod-shaped creatures.

Due to its shape resembling a wooden rod, western researchers have called these creatures a “bacterium” which means a rod or a stick – representing the bacterial form found.

However, the first discovery of bacteria actually occurred much earlier in the 17th century, when a researcher named Antony Van Leeuwenhoek. He is now the father of microbiological studies.

Leeuwenhoek conducted a study on rainwater samples and discovered a kind of delicate creature formed only by a single “protozoa” cell.

To name his discovery, Leeuwenhoek named the creature “animalcules” – meaning microscopic small animals.

Fortunately, the term is converted to bacteria, right? Dish also wants to call it. Animalcule, animalcule, animalcule.

By Nurul
30th March 2020 22:23

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