Eczema is a common medical condition that causes the skin to become inflamed or irritated.
10% to 20% of infants and about 3% of adults and children are affected by Eczema in the U.S (webmb). Some infants outgrow Eczema by ten years old, while some have the symptoms on and off throughout life.
The disease can be controlled through proper treatment.
Symptoms of Eczema
It doesn’t matter which part of the skin is affected, eczema is always itchy. The rash most commonly appears on the face, back of the knees, wrists, hands, or feet.
Affected areas appear very dry, thickened, or scaly. These areas may appear reddish and then turn brown for fair-skinned people. For darker-skinned people, it affects pigmentation, making the affected area lighter or darker.
For infants, the itchy rash could produce an oozing, crusting condition that happens mainly on the face and scalp. Patches can appear anywhere.
What Causes Eczema?
Eczema is commonly found in families having a history of other allergies or asthma.
It’s speculated to be linked to an overactive response by the body’s immune system.
Sometimes itchy rashes are reactions to certain substances. Furthermore, physical contact with rough or coarse materials causes the skin to become itchy.
Hot or cold temperatures, exposure to certain household products like soap or detergent, or exposure with animals could cause an outbreak.
There is no known cure for it, so people manage their disease with medical treatment and avoiding irritants.
The condition is not contagious and can’t be spread from person to person.
Doctors can determine if it’s eczema by observing at your skin and by asking a few questions.
They may perform allergy tests to further determine possible irritants or triggers. Children with eczema are especially likely to be tested for allergies.
Lotions and creams keeps the skin moist since the disease makes skin dry and itchy.
These products are applied when the skin is damp, usually after bathing, to retain moisture in the skin.
Over-the-counter products like hydrocortisone 1% cream are often prescribed to lessen inflammation. Sometimes the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to kill the infection-causing bacteria.
Other treatments include antihistamines to lessen severe itching, tar treatments (chemicals designed to reduce itching), phototherapy (therapy using ultraviolet light applied to the skin), and the drug cyclosporine for people as other alternatives.
Eczema outbreaks can be prevented by moisturizing frequently, maintaining constant temperature or humidity, avoiding overheating, and reducing stress.
Scratchy materials like wool should be avoided along with using harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents.
Certain foods could cause an outbreak so be aware.
A humidifier in the room helps you sleep.